Punjab

Pun·jab (pŭn’jăb′, pŭn-jäb’)
1) A historical region of the northwest Indian subcontinent bounded by the Indus and Yamuna Rivers. It was a center of the prehistoric Indus Valley civilization and after c. 1500 BC the site of early Aryan settlements. Muslims occupied the western part of the region by the 8th century, introducing Islam, and although they later conquered the eastern part, Hinduism remained entrenched there. The Moguls brought the region to cultural eminence until their empire declined in the 18th century. The Punjab was controlled by Sikhs from 1799 to 1849, when it was annexed by Great Britain. It was partitioned between India and Pakistan in 1947. 2) A state of northwest India in the eastern part of the historical region of the Punjab. Chandigarh is the capital.
Word History: Punjab, a region of the northwest Indian subcontinent bounded by the Indus River in the west and the Yamuna in the east, comes through Hindi from Persian panj-āb, "five rivers," referring to tributaries of the Indus. Persian panj is closely related to Hindi pañc, pronounced (pŭnch), "five," the source of our punch, a drink that originally contained five ingredients. The Persian and Hindi words are descended from Indo-European *penkwe, which appears in Greek as pente, as in pentagon, and in English as five. The āb in panj-āb comes from the Indo-European root *ap-, "water, river," and is also found in our word julep, which comes ultimately from Persian gulāb, "rose water."

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Punjab — or Panjab, derived from the medieval Persian language meaning the land of five ( Panj ) rivers ( aab ), may refer to: Geographical regions* Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from eastern Pakistan to north western India ** Punjab… …   Wikipedia

  • Punjab —   [pʌn dʒɑːb],    1) Bundesstaat im Nordwesten Indiens, grenzt an die Bundesstaaten Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana und Rajasthan sowie im Westen an Pakistan, 50 362 km2, (2001) 24,29 Mio. Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Punjab — Punjab, ind. Provinz, s. Pandschab …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Punjab — (izg. Pàndžab) m geogr. 1. {{001f}}dio indogangeške nizine, u sastavu Indije i Pakistana 2. {{001f}}savezna država u SZ dijelu Indije, glavni grad Chandigarh …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Punjab — → Punyab …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Punjab — region on the Indian subcontinent, from Hindi Panjab, from Pers. panj five + ab water. So called for its five rivers. Related: Punjabi …   Etymology dictionary

  • Punjab — (izg. pàndžab) m DEFINICIJA geogr. 1. dio indogangeške nizine, u sastavu Indije i Pakistana 2. savezna država u SZ dijelu Indije, 50.362 km2, 20.190.800 stan., glavni grad Chandigarh …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Punjab — [pun jäb′; pun′jäb, pun′jab] [Hindi Panjāb, lit., (land of) five rivers < Sans panj, five + ab, river, water] 1. region in NW India & NE Pakistan, between the upper Indus & Jumna rivers: formerly a province of India, it was divided between… …   English World dictionary

  • Punjab — /pun jahb , pun jahb/, n. 1. a former province in NW British India: now divided between India and Pakistan. 2. a state in NW India. 15,230,000; 47,456 sq. mi. (122,911 sq. km). Cap.: Chandigarh. 3. a province in NE Pakistan. 37,374,000; 79,284 sq …   Universalium

  • Punjab — Der Punjab im Jahr 1909. Das direkt verwaltete Gebiet ist rosa, die Fürstenstaaten gelb eingezeichnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punjab — or Panjab geographical name 1. region NW Indian subcontinent in Pakistan & NW India occupying valleys of the Indus & its five tributaries; formerly a province of British India capital Lahore 2. (or East Punjab) former state NW India in E Punjab… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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